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Different Dog Coat Types and How to Groom Them

Posted by  on October 2, 2023

Dogs come in different shapes, sizes, and coats. Dog coat types vary from breed to breed and have different care and grooming requirements. Knowing your dog’s coat type can help you determine how often your dog needs to be brushed and bathed, what tools and products to use, and when it’s time for dog grooming services.

Here are seven different coat types and dog grooming tips for each of them: 

1. Smooth Coat

Dog breeds like Beagles, Daschunds, Great Danes, and Boxers have smooth coats. This means that their coats are short, sleek, and close to the body. Dogs with smooth coats require minimal grooming. To maintain their coats, be sure to brush their coats with a soft bristle brush to remove loose hair and dirt and to distribute natural oils. Smooth coated dogs can be bathed every 4-6 weeks or as needed using a mild dog shampoo. While relatively low maintenance, dogs with smooth coats can benefit from dog grooming services for nail trimming and ear cleaning.

2. Double Coat

A double coat type consists of a soft insulating undercoat and a coarser protective topcoat. Popular dog breeds with double coats include Siberian Huskies, German Shepherds, and Golden Retrievers. Dogs with double coats can be bathed when necessary using mild shampoo, avoiding over-bathing to preserve their natural oils. During seasonal changes, expect heavy shedding from dogs with double coats. They require regular brushing with an undercoat rake or slicker brush to reduce shedding and prevent matting. Double coated dogs can benefit from professional dog grooming every 6 to 12 weeks, with increased frequency during shedding seasons to help remove loose fur.

3. Long Coat

Dogs with long coats have long and flowing fur that can be prone to matting and tangling. Collies, Shih Tzus, and Yorkshire Terriers are some dog breeds that have a long coat type. They often require daily brushing using a pin brush or slicker brush to prevent matting and tangling. They can be bathed every 2 to 4 weeks with a mild dog shampoo. For trimming and maintenance, dogs with long coats may need professional grooming services every 4 to 6 weeks.

4. Wire Coat

Wire Fox Terriers, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds are dog breeds with wire coat types. They have dense, wiry outer coats. To help remove loose hair and debris from their coats, regular brushing with a wire-pin brush is required. They can be bathed every 2 to 3 months or as needed with a mild dog shampoo and may require grooming every 6 to 8 weeks. To maintain the proper texture and color of their wire coats, some dog breeds may require hand-stripping from professional groomers familiar with their breed.

5. Curly Coat

Dogs with curly coat types have tightly curled or wavy fur. Curly coated dog breeds include Poodles, Irish Water Spaniels, and Curly-Coated Retrievers. They require regular brushing with a slicker brush to prevent tangles and matting. They can be bathed every 4 to 6 weeks or as needed using a dog-specific moisturizing shampoo. It is important to keep their coats clean and dry to prevent skin issues. Due to their curly coats, these dog breeds may require professional grooming every 4 to 6 weeks for haircuts and maintenance.

6. Sparse Coat

Dog breeds like American Hairless Terriers, Peruvian Inca Orchids, and Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless) have sparse coats. They have very little fur that often exposes the skin. While these dog breeds require minimal grooming, their skin needs to be protected from extreme weather conditions. They can be bathed as needed, which typically comes down to every 2 to 3 months. Dogs with sparse coats can be more susceptible to skin injuries and irritations, so it is important to regularly check their skin for any issues. Grooming needs for dogs with sparse coats can depend on individual factors. Visiting the groomers every 6 to 8 weeks for check-ups and maintenance can be a great starting point to keeping your dog’s coat healthy.

7. Thick Coat

A thick coat type consists of dense fur that provides dogs with insulation. Dogs with thick coats can be prone to overheating, so it is important to be cautious with activities and to keep your dog cool during hot weather. Popular dog breeds with thick coats include Samoyeds, Saint Bernards, Bernese Mountain Dogs, and Akitas. Similar to dogs with double coats, dogs with thick coats require regular brushing with an undercoat rake or slicker brush to manage shedding during seasonal changes. They can be bathed as needed, avoiding over-bathing to preserve their coat’s natural oils. Dog breeds with thick coats may require professional grooming every 6 to 12 weeks. To manage their coats and reduce shedding, they may need more frequent visits to the groomer during shedding seasons.

Professional dog grooming services offer a wide range of services that go beyond simple dog bathing and brushing. They can help with nail trimming, ear cleaning, and even dental care. Professional groomers are trained and experienced in grooming various breeds and coat types. They understand the specific needs of different breeds, including the proper techniques for trimming, brushing, and styling their coats. They have the appropriate equipment to ensure your dog’s safety and comfort during the grooming process. Furthermore, professional groomers are skilled in handling dogs. Professional dog grooming services can help make the experience less stressful for your dog.

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